Reading competency objectives

Through the analysis of essays (both informative and literary), you will develop your proficiency in English and will be able to:

A.   Read critically to grasp both the literal and figurative meaning from the content of a selection by:

1.   grasping the central idea or thesis of the selection;

2.   identifying the main ideas;

3.   distinguishing among and evaluating the different types of evidence that develop the ideas by:

a.  separating the general from the specific, the abstract from the concrete, facts from opinions; and

b. making inferences from evidence.

B. Analyze the structure of the essay by

1.     recognizing the writer’s pattern as exposition, narration, description, argumentation, or any combination of these;

2.     recognizing the order of a selection:  chronological, spatial, logical, climactic;

3.     recognizing the divisions of a selection;

4.     recognizing the patterns used in the development of paragraphs; and

5.     determining how transitional devices and connectives establish relationships between sentences and between paragraphs.

C. Describe the author’s style by

1.     perceiving the author’s use of denotation and connotation;

2.     recognizing and understanding the writer’s use of sensory imagery, figurative language, and other literary devices;

3.     recognizing different types of sound patterns and how they add meaning, rhythm, and music to the language; and

4.     recognizing a variety of sentence patterns such as inversion, parenthetical expressions, parallelism, and balance.

D. Recognize the writer’s tone through the analysis of ideas, language, and poetic devices.

E. Determine how an essay is unified by analyzing the main ideas, organization, transitional devices, key words and phrases, imagery, and tone.


F. Evaluate the essay in terms of content and style.

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